The Unholy Seed - Part 28



Copied from the sermon notes of Pastor Don Elmore

December 22, 2019

2 Chronicles 23:11-13:

11) “Then they brought out the king’s son, and put upon him the crown, and gave him the testimony, and made him king. And Jehoiada and his sons anointed him, and said, God save the king.

12) Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of the LORD:

13) And she looked, and, behold, the king stood at his pillar at the entering in, and the princes and the trumpets by the king; and all the people of the land rejoiced, and sounded with trumpets, also the singers with instruments of musick, and such as taught to sing praise. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and said, Treason, Treason.”

These are three verses that tell of the climax of some of the wild things that happened in the royalty of both Judah and Israel. Briefly stated, Athaliah was the daughter of King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of Israel. Athaliah was married to Jehoram of Judah to seal a treaty between the two kingdoms. In addition, to further secure his position, her husband, Jehoram, murdered his six brothers. Jehoram became king of Judah in the fifth year of Jehoram of Israel’s reign. Both kings of the two kingdoms had the same name--Jehoram.

Jehoram of Judah reigned for eight years and after his death Ahaziah, his son, became king of Judah. Athaliah was the queen mother. Ahaziah reigned for only one year and was killed during a state visit to Israel along with Jehoram of Israel. It was a double assassination of both kings by Jehu. Jehu also killed Athaliah’s entire extended family in Samaria to death, ending the Omri dynasty in Israel.

Upon hearing the news of the massacre of her family and the death of the two kings, Athaliah seized the throne of Judah and ordered the execution of all possible claimants to the throne. Her sister managed to rescue from the purge a one-year old boy, Jehoash, who was raised in secret by her husband, the priest named Jehoiada. As queen, Athaliah used her power to establish the worship of Baal in Judah. Six years later, Athaliah was surprised when Jehoiada revealed that Jehoash lived and proclaimed him King of Judah. She rushed to stop the rebellion but was captured and executed.

What a story. Murders, assassinations, abuses of power, marriages to seal treaties, corruptions, hidden coronation, charges of treason… “there is nothing new under the sun.” In my last sermon I talked about how the Jews got back into England after being banned for almost 400 years. What a story that was. Today’s sermon will be a continuation of that strange and mysterious event.


As soon as I got home from the prisoners’ court hearing (December 4th), my wife had the impeachment hearings on. After watching for just a few minutes, I heard the following from the Constitutional lawyer, Professor Jonathan Turley, as he answered a question from Republican Congressman Dave Collins.

Professor Turley was talking about what bribery was…what was the definition when the founders wrote the Constitution and what it is now. He gave an example of what it was then. He said King Louis XIV, the King of France, gave a huge amount of money and bribed Charles II, King of England. In return for this loan of money and access to a French mistress, Charles agreed with the Treaty of Dover and agreed to convert to Catholicism. There was no other comment made by anyone, another Congressman or TV announcer, on this statement. It just drifted off into the sunset.

Let’s stop right here and ask a couple of questions:

  1. Did the King of France influence England’s government by giving their leader money and a mistress?

  2. Did France bribe England?

  3. Would that be an impeachable action today?

Yes, it would. And that was what Professor Turley was indicating by his example.

King Louis XIV and King Charles II, who were they? Well Louis XIV was the King of France and was very Catholic. Charles II was King of England who was a Protestant in name only, but a secret Catholic. Charles II had escaped to France, disguised as a girl, when his father was fighting a civil war that he eventually lost. More about this later in this series of sermons.


But first, let’s go back and see what the Israelites had to endure in Europe as America was becoming a place where the dissenters could go and live their lives in more freedom than they had in their previous lands.

Pop Quiz:

Question: Who was the king or queen of Britain in the year 1652? Does anyone know? Answer will be given later in this sermon.

It was Menassah ben Israel’s book, The Hope of Israel, that played a major part in persuading most of the fundamentalist Protestants to be in favor of letting the Jews return to their nation. The rabbi, in his book, took this unique position from John Dee, the former magician of the queen. He changed many biblical principles that eventually convinced the “Christians” that their fathers had been wrong in banning them. What was in this writing to get the fundamentalist Christians to be in favor of lifting the ban on the Jews?

The book taught the British Israel doctrine which states that the Jews were descendants of the southern kingdom of Israel—the house of Judah. This house contained the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi.

The other ten tribes of Israel were the descendants of the British people. Ten tribes of Israel were of Christian stock; three tribes of Israel were of Jewish stock. It made Christians and Jews relatives.

What was so terribly wrong about this statement. It combined the Jews and Christians as being both from the covenant seed; even though one was from the unholy seed and the other from the holy seed. They made up the whole house of Israel—north and south. It made them all brothers. They were, what is now known, as a term that is never, never found in the Bible; Judeo-Christian” Israel or for short, “Judeo-Christian.”

But since the Jews themselves state that they are a mixed-race, that eliminates them from being pure-blooded Israel. So, it is impossible for any of them to be descended from any tribe of Israel, any of the thirteen tribes; for no mongrel, the offspring of a mixed seed, can be in the congregation of Israel. Whether they are Ashkenazi or Sephardic or Hassidic or Reformed, they are all mixed breeds.

Deuteronomy 23:2: “A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD.”

A “bastard” is the same as a “mamzer” in the Hebrew language. It also means “mongrel” or the offspring caused by an adulterer who mixed the holy seed of Israel with the heathen’s unholy seed. The Jews all are guilty of having in their blood the mixture of the unholy seed of Cain, Canaan and Esau. Through their blood flows the poisonous blood of their father—the devil.

But there were not enough “Christians” who had this knowledge to oppose this evil doctrine. Even my biological father, who was a member of a Judeo-Christian church, instructed my older brother, my younger sister and myself that we should never date a person of another race. Obviously, if we couldn’t date, we couldn’t marry. No scripture was given with this admonition, but there was a hint that we would be disowned if we broke it. There was this written law of God in the hearts and minds of His covenant people.

But the majority who read ben Israel’s book, bought the premise that ben Israel was teaching. Ben Israel taught in his book that Jesus would return when the Jews were in all the countries of the world. If the Jews remained forbidden to be in one of the largest nations in all the world, how could He ever return? Menessah ben Israel’s thesis was that Jesus the Christ would never return if the Jews remained forbidden to enter Britain.

That was the problem. The Hope of Israel said that once the Jews could reenter Britain, Jesus would be closer to His “second coming” and the conclusion of this age. It was all based on the premise that if the Jews were descended from the southern kingdom of Judah, they were not Israel’s enemy—the forbidden unholy seed. They both had the same enemy—for they both were Israel.

But the Jews aren’t descended from Judah, or Benjamin or Levi unless they were mixed-breeds. Benjamin, from the southern kingdom, and Joseph, from the northern kingdom, were both brothers from the same father and mother. So, if they remained pure to their seed, how could one be of the unholy seed and the other from the holy seed, unless there had been some interracial marriages? Joseph had been given the birthright and Judah the scepter. Are we to believe that the Jews are the rulers and the Christians are the dominion in God’s heavenly kingdom?

This presented four possible positions that a Christian had to think about and decide which one was correct, from what the Bible told him:

  1. The Jews and the British are part of the covenant, the holy seed of Israel (ben Israel’s position), or

  2. The British are the holy seed of Israel and the Jews are not part of the covenant, or

  3. The Jews are the holy seed of the covenant, and the British are not, or

  4. The Jews and British are not a part of the covenant, or the holy seed.

The “fourth position” is generally not even considered as a viable position. Most Bible students believe that there is a covenant holy seed in the world today and either the Jews or Christians fulfill being the holy seed. That leaves three positions left: The Jews and British are both the covenant seed, or the Jews are the covenant seed and the British are not, or vice versa.

Most of the fundamentalist Protestants believed ben Israel’s work, when it was first published, which provided the means to allow the Jews back into England. For if you believe that the Jews and Christians are all part of the covenant the God made with Abraham and confirmed with Isaac and Jacob—then you would agree with rabbi ben Israel’s thesis. But if you disagreed with “position one” and agreed with “position two”; the Jews would be forbidden to live with the Christians. Especially if you consider that they, the Jews, have a different father than the Christians’ do; but they have the same mother. Maybe that is one reason that they state that a Jew is one that has a “Jewish” mother, not father. The Jews and Christians are not brothers—they are eternal enemies.

That was Menessah ben Israel’s task to hide. His job was to change the thinking of the Christians from “position 2” to “position 1”. For the Jews hate Jesus the Christ and God the Father from their beginning of their existence. They still do. Their unholy book, the Talmud, says that Jesus was a bastard (mongrel), who tried to deceive Israel and is now dwelling in hell, boiling in a hot cauldron. How could the Jews be part of the holy seed when they believe such nonsense as the above sentence? They deny the deity of Jesus the Christ more than any other people who live on the face of the earth.

The Bible even tells us that they bribed the guards at the grave of Jesus to say that they were asleep and that the disciples came and stole the dead body of the Savior instead of saying the truth that He was resurrected. The Jews have been providing Christians with an untold number of lies and causing them to be slaves to them by putting them in usurious loans and bribing them with everything under the sun for the last 400 years.

“Position one” is believed today by the Masonic Lodge, many “Judeo-Christians”, and several so-called “Christian” religions such as the old-World Wide Church of God Ministries and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons). Rabbi ben Israel has done his job—his printing press (the modern media of his time) has convinced many of the fundamentalist Christians that his views were true. Enough believed it to force a change in British thought. And there are many “Christians” who still believe this wrong doctrine today.


In addition to the British Israel doctrine, Jewish banking money was used to provide usurious funds for England and to provide its leadership with bribes. With these usurious loans, the Jews received an unlimited amount of money on the interest that they generated. That’s the way usury loans work. They enslaved their loaners. They were soon able to establish their usury bank in England and it was soon that England was bankrupt.

Proverbs 22:7: “The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.”

According to Proverbs 22:7, who was the rich who was ruling over the poor? Who was the borrower who was servant or slave to the lender? The rich were the wealthy Jews who were the financiers of England; and the borrowers were the English people who became slaves to the Jewish lenders. How did it all happen?


King James VI of Scotland was a Covenanter. He Covenanted with God and his Scottish kinsmen to obey only what the Bible told them and not the dictates of the episcopacy of the English Church. So, when England chose him to be their king, he became, also, James I of England.

As King of England, James I inherited the land obtained for the English kings by their Jewish international bankers who were in Holland. But as King of England, he also was the head of the Church of England. King James VI of Scotland was poor; now King James I of England was very, very wealthy. That was his demise.

For he renounced the Covenant and his oath to obey only the Holy Scriptures. As head of the Anglican Church of Britain episcopacy, he was their spokesman, ordained to tell Britons what to believe. He appointed church leaders and sent them to replace presbyters elected by church congregations in Scotland. Instruction directly from the Bible conflicted with what the king was doing, so he replaced teaching from the Bible with instruction from the king’s own prayer book which left out the offending passages. And things just continued to get worse when his son, Charles I, became king. He continued his father’s job of attempting to make Scotland bow to the demands of his episcopal ecclesiastical system.

It eventually led to thousands of the citizens of Scotland signing the National Covenant of 1638 which stated that they would only obey God’s Laws, Statutes and Judgments—and nothing else. Scotland signed a Covenant with God and each other. The world watched in awe. Two hundred years later some of the descendants of the same people made a covenant with their God in South Africa and were rewarded in a miraculous way!

King Charles I had to insist on his claim as head of the Episcopal Church in order to obtain its wealth. Without it, he was dependent of Parliament for his daily bread. England’s Parliament and the British people it represented were alienated by the all-powerful king who claimed such a large part of the nation’s land and wealth and claimed that he spoke for God.

Frightened, they united with the people of Scotland in a Solemn League and Covenant. This international Covenant was like the others before it. It, too, was a Covenant to obey the Bible—God’s Laws, Statutes, and Judgements, and them alone.

The British and Scottish people felt betrayed. Their leader was the same king who had renounced his covenant with God and with the people. What were they going to do? England had a civil war between Parliament and the king.

This was just the situation that the Jews could take advantage of. King Charles I lost the war. Parliament won. Charles I would never allow the Jews to return into England. But he was executed by the Parliament. The Parliament was the new royalty.

Map of the Britain Isles. England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland and Isle of Man. The Isle of Man is almost equidistant from England, Scotland and Ireland; the three nations that at one time or another ruled over them. Let us look at some maps and learn the names of the British royalty in the century before our nation fought its revolutionary war—or our civil war with Britain.  Official flag of the Isle of Man:  The Isle of Man is almost equidistant from England, Scotland and Ireland; the three nations that at one time or another ruled over them. In order of this, its symbol is three legs…whichever way you can throw me, I can still stand. Flag of Isle of Man. The Isle of Man is almost equidistant from England, Scotland and Ireland; the three nations that at one time or another ruled over them. In order of this, its symbol is three legs…whichever way you can throw me, I can still stand.

  Map of Europe

Can anyone name the nine nations that are to the northeast, east and southeast and southwest of the British Isles going in order from north to south? If you traveled by boat from England, you could land in any one of these nine nations.

  1. Sweden

  2. Denmark

  3. Germany

  4. Netherlands

  5. Belgium

  6. France

  7. Spain

  8. Portugal


The Stuart kings and queens were Scottish in origin, not British. They married spouses from at least six other European countries. But first a little background.

It all started with Henry VIII (1509-1547) and his six wives (two annulled, two executed, one died and one widowed). His first wife was Catherine of Aragon (Spain), his brother’s widow, who was catholic. He later annulled his marriage after 18 years of marriage, and he married Anne Boleyn. This annulment caused his split from the Catholic Church and Henry declared himself the head of the Church of England. This was the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in England. To have a son, Henry married four further wives, but had two of his six wives executed along with over 70,000 others.

Only one son was born, Edward VI, to Jane Seymour (his third wife. Married her eleven days after Anne Boleyn, his second wife, was beheaded. Their son became King of England.) Henry VIII had two daughters, who also become rulers of England –-Mary, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, and Elizabeth, daughter of Anne Boleyn.

EDWARD VI 1547 – 1553

The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward was a sickly boy; who suffered from tuberculosis. Edward succeeded his father on the throne of England at the age of nine, the government being carried on by a Council. Even though his reign was short, he died at the age of 15, the country became a Protestant State and Thomas Cranmer wrote the Book of Common Prayer which is still used today. After Edward’s death there was a dispute over who was the next in line to succeed him as king or queen of England for, he was never married. He was the first monarch to be raised Protestant.


Lady Jane Grey was the eldest daughter of Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk and she was the great-grand-daughter of Henry VII. She was proclaimed Queen after the death of her cousin, the protestant King Edward VI, son of Henry VIII. She was fifth in line to the throne but was his personal choice as she was a Protestant. Edward’s half-sister Mary, Henry VIII’s daughter with Catherine of Aragon, was next in line for the throne but as a devout Catholic, was out of favor. Edward wanted to keep England firmly Protestant and he knew that Mary would take England back into the Catholic faith.

John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, was Protector to King Edward VI. He persuaded the dying young king to will his crown to Lady Jane Grey, who by coincidence just happened to be the Duke’s daughter-in-law. Edward died on July 6, 1553 and Lady Jane ascended to the throne with her husband Lord Guildford Dudley at her side – she was just sweet sixteen.

Lady Jane was beautiful and intelligent. She studied Latin, Greek and Hebrew and was fluent in French and Italian. However, the country rose in favor of the direct and true royal line, and the Council proclaimed Mary queen some nine days later.

‘The Execution of Lady Jane Grey’, by Paul Delaroche, 1833.  Lady Jane and her husband were beheaded on February 12, 1554.Unfortunately for Lady Jane, her advisors were grossly incompetent, and her father was partly responsible for her untimely execution as he was involved in an attempted rebellion. After a rebellion against the marriage of Mary and her catholic husband, Lady Jane and her husband were beheaded on February 12, 1554.

And so, she died… she had been Queen of England for just nine days …10th to 19th July 1553. The shortest reign of any English monarch, before or since.

MARY I (Bloody Mary) 1553 – 1558

Mary I (Bloody Mary) was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon of Spain. Daughter of King Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon of Spain.

A devout Catholic, she married King Philip II of Spain. So, she was both the queen of Spain and queen of England in her life. But King Phillip II died shortly after they got married. Mary attempted to enforce the wholesale conversion of England to Catholicism. She carried this out with the utmost severity by executing hundreds of Protestants. The Protestant bishops, Latimer, Ridley and Archbishop Cranmer were among those burnt at the stake. The place, in Broad Street Oxford, is marked by a bronze cross. The country was plunged into a bitter blood bath, which is why she is remembered as Plague signifying where some of the martyrs were killed during Bloody Mary's reign.“Bloody Mary”.

Mary’s rise to power was nothing short of a rollercoaster journey. After Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn, he declared Mary illegitimate and demoted her rank to that of a lady, not an actual princess.

When Mary instituted the Heresy Acts, which saw many prominent Protestants around England burned at the stake, it caused a huge drain from the kingdom. Several intellectuals, such as the historian John Foxe, decided it was better to leave England altogether than face martyrdom at the stake. All told, about 800 Protestants chose exile from England and went to various spots across Europe. She died in 1558 at Lambeth Palace in London of influenza.

ELIZABETH I 1558-1603

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, whose mother was educated in the Netherlands and France. Elizabeth was a remarkable woman, noted for her learning and wisdom. She was very popular with the people and had a genius for the selection of capable advisors. Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins, the Cecils, Essex and many more made England respected and feared.

The Spanish Armada was decisively defeated in 1588 and Raleigh’s first Virginian colony was founded. The execution of Mary Queen of Scots marred what was a glorious time in English history. Mary was beheaded, by the executioner who missed his aim and had to chop three times before her head was completely severed. Shakespeare was also at the height of his popularity. Elizabeth never married and was known as the virgin queen. (Virginia and West Virginia are named after her).

So, when Elizabeth died, who was the next in line for the crown of England. She had not given birth to any children. So, who was next to claim the throne of England? It would be one from the Stuart family; the Tudor dynasty was over. The next king of England was the King of Scotland. So, here is a quick review of the seven reigns of the Stuart family:


  • James I; 1603 – 1625 (son of Mary, Queen of Scots; married to Anne of Denmark; crowned King James VI of Scotland in 1567); Chosen to be England’s and Ireland’s king after he had reigned for 36 years as Scotland’s king. King James I renounced the oath that he made when he was the Scottish king, after he became the king of England and Ireland.

    Map showing Guise FranceAA short history of his mother. She became queen of Scotland when she was just six days old as the king, her father, died in battle. Her mother was from Guise, France. The country was ruled by regents as she spent most of her time living in France. She married Dauphin Frances, the son of the King of France.

    She became queen of France after her husband’s father died. And her husband died after a little more than one year of marriage. She then returned to Scotland where she married Henry Stuart and they had their son, James. But her husband was killed in an explosion at his home and the man who most thought was responsible for the murder was acquitted of the crime. But one month later he married Mary!

    The people were upset by the couple and Mary was placed in prison and forced to abdicate her throne to her one-year-old son. She soon fled prison and went to England where she attempted to take over that throne claiming that she was the real queen and not Elizabeth. She was imprisoned by Elizabeth and eventually beheaded. Shades of 2 Chronicles 23:11-13!

    So, James I became the head of the Anglican Church of England. He tried to get Scotland to go along with the laws that he set that were opposed to the LORD God’s. Used the king’s Prayer Book and authorized the King James Bible in opposition to the Geneva Bible.

  • Charles I; 1625 – 1649 (son of James I and Mary of Denmark; married Henrietta Maria of France) he continued to try to get Scotland to obey the laws that he and his father made; fought against Parliament until he found himself fighting in a civil war; eventually became the first English king who was beheaded. (Maryland’s name honors Queen Henrietta Maria wife of Charles I, King of Great Britain and Ireland, who signed the 1632 charter establishing the Maryland colony.).

    (North and South Carolina are named after three kings: both Charles I and Charles II of England and the king of France, Charles I). There was no royalty in England for the next 11 years.

    So, that’s the answer to my question: Who was the British king or queen in the year 1652? The answer is—there wasn’t any. It was the Parliament who was victorious in England’s civil war. This 11-year period was called the Commonwealth of England. This is a significant fact, for during this 11-year period England had no king or queen!

The Commonwealth of England (1649-1660):

Rump Parliament (1649-1653); during this time Menessah ben Israel’s book was sent to the Protestant clergy. Cromwell took usury loans from the Jews in Amsterdam and allowed them to return to England. The Parliament was dissolved by Cromwell in 1653 for not doing certain things that he wanted.

Lord Protectorate (1653-1659);

  • Oliver Cromwell (ruled as a king from 1653-1658), died of a kidney ailment; buried, then 12 years after his burial his body was dug up and his head chopped off on the anniversary of the beheading of Charles I. His head was placed on a pole where it remained for many years until a violent storm broke the pole. The head hit the ground where it was picked-up and hidden for many years. It was eventually taken to the college where he attended, and the college buried his head under the floor of its antechapel.
  • Richard Cromwell (Oliver’s son, not able to rule very well); forced to resign as King of England and fled to France where he lived till, he was 85. England was then ruled by competing parties.

Couple of competing Parties, then anarchy (1659-1660); then the monarchy was asked to come back and rule.

Restoration of the Monarchy

  • Charles II; 1660 – 1685 (son of Charles I; married Catholic Catherine of Braganza--Portugal) experienced the the Plague,  Fire of London and Dutch Wars. A secret Catholic who had no legitimate children. Had at least nine mistresses and no legitimate children. But had a lot of illegitimate children. Princes Diana, was descended from two of Charles II’s illegitimate sons; Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton, and Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond. This means that her son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, will become the first descendant of Charles II to occupy the British throne, if he becomes king.

  • James II; 1685 – 1688 (brother of Charles II; son of Charles I; Catholic; married Anne Hyde, daughter of Charles II’s chief minister and they had two children, his second wife was a Roman Catholic, Mary of Modena, northern Italy, and had one son); Faced rebellion by one of Charles II’s illegitimate sons and easily defeated him; after his marriage to his second wife, Catholic succession seemed more assured, a group of Protestant nobles appealed to William of Orange, husband of James’ older and protestant daughter. William defeated James II in the battle of Devon and then later in Ireland in the battle of Boyne.
  • William III; 1688 - 1702 and Queen Mary II 1688 – 1694 (Protestant Dutchman who married the daughter of King James II). Became co-rulers of England—William and Mary. William III ruled for eight years after Mary II had died. They chartered the second college (William and Mary College) in the American Colonies. It was chartered by King Willian III and Queen Mary II in Williamsburg, Virginia. It was during the reign of William and Mary that the important Bill of Rights (1689) was passed. This limited the power of the monarch considerably, increased the power of Parliament, and made it illegal for a British King or Queen to be a Roman Catholic (or even to marry one).

  • Queen Anne; 1702 – 1714 (daughter of King James II; married Prince George of Denmark). Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland. During her reign England and Scotland became united and they fought the War of Spanish Secession. She was very sickly and had no children. Thus, ended the Stuart line of kings and queens.

The Stuart family of kings and queens lasted from 1603 till 1714. Remember, the Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower and arrived south of what is now called Boston in 1620. They had left Britain and were settled in Amsterdam, Holland. That is where they set sail from to come to the New World. And look at what was going on in England during their time that they arrived in American and for the next almost 100 years!



  1. Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon of Spain,

  2. Edward VI, son of Henry VIII, died at age 15, did not marry.

  3. Lady Jane Grey, queen for only nine days, beheaded, along with her English husband, while she was in her teens.

  4. “Bloody Mary”, daughter of Henry VIII, married King Philip II of Spain,

  5. Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII, was known as the “Virgin” queen as she never married.


  1. James I, from Scotland, married Anne of Denmark,

  2. Charles I, son of James I, married Henrietta Maria of France,

  3. Charles II, son of Charles I, married Catherina of Braganza, Portugal, had no legitimate children.

  4. James II, son of Charles I, married Modena of Italy,

  5. Mary II, daughter of James II, married William III of the Netherlands.

  6. Anne, daughter of James II, married Prince George from Denmark but didn’t have any offspring.

Several spent their adolescence or their exiles in other countries.

Joanna of Castile


Maria of Aragon


Catherine of Aragon


Henry VIII of England


Margaret Tudor


Mary Tudor


Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor


Isabella of Portugal


James V of Scotland


Lady Frances Brandon


Philip II of Spain


Mary I of England


Elizabeth I of England


Edward VI of England


Mary, Queen of Scots


Lady Jane Grey


James Vi of Scotland/

James I of England


Charles I




Of the




Commonwealth of England


Oliver Cromwell


Charles II


James II




Bank of




William & Mary




“There’s nothing new under the sun.”

To be continued.

Blessed be the LORD God of Israel.